Shiitake Mushroom of China
Shiitake mushrooms have high nutritional value and health benefits, and have a unique taste, which is very popular among people. Shiitake mushrooms are mainly distributed in Asian countries such as China, Japan and South Korea, so they are known as oriental edible shiitake mushrooms. The artificial cultivation of shiitake mushrooms originated in China, and now the shiitake mushroom is the edible shiitake mushroom with the highest output and the largest market consumption in China.
Chinese and foreign names of shiitake mushrooms
Chinese name: 香菇
Chinese alias: 香蕈、香菰、冬菇。
Latin name: Lentinus edodes(Berk.)pegler.
English name: Forese Mushroom；ShiitakeMushroom
Japanese name: 椎茸、シイタケ、しいたけ。
Korean name: 버섯
The health benefits of shiitake mushrooms
Shiitake mushrooms are not only widely eaten for “nutritional foods”, but also have special medicinal value. The development of modern science has confirmed that shiitake mushrooms can lower cholesterol, prevent cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, rickets and various enzymes that have stomach and digestive digestion, can nourish, eliminate heat and detoxification And anti-influenza virus, anti-tumor substances, etc., high molecular weight dextran in shiitake mushrooms is the best injection for cancer treatment.
Natural distribution of shiitake mushrooms
Shiitake mushrooms are naturally distributed in Asia, China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, India, Nepal, Russia and other places. Mainly produced in the northeast of Asia, including China, Japan, South Korea and China’s Taiwan region, artificial planting has now expanded to some countries in Europe, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Brazil, and France.
Yield of shiitake mushrooms
China has always been a major producer of shiitake mushrooms. In the 20th century, due to the advancement of Japanese science and technology, the cultivation techniques of the wood-based bacteria were used to lead the development of shiitake mushrooms. The production of shiitake mushrooms in Japan once accounted for about two-thirds of the global shiitake mushroom production. In the 1980s, China promoted the application of sawdust culture materials to cultivate shiitake mushrooms, and re-sit back to the throne of the world’s first shiitake mushroom production. The picture below shows the global proportion of shiitake mushroom production (fresh shiitake mushrooms)